Fire emergency; high risk to the houses in old settlement due to narrow lanes; case study of Asan, Kalimati Vegetable Market and Inatole; unplanned housing and unorganised commercial activities in congested lanes and lack of open space are some of the identified causes; importance of having open spaces in and around the settlements.
Swoyambhu ko Safalta
Successful initiative of the local community, Federation of Swoyambhu Management and Conservation, in managing the premises of Swoyambhu; protecting and preserving the forest around Swoyambhu by planting trees yearly and providing security guards; provision of facilities to the visitors/devotees; collaboration with the locals helped in expansion of the streets; management of this sort has been an inspiration to the surrounding community leading to protection of another open space-Bhuikhel; instances of encroachment; settlement of squatters and its impact on the area.
Basantapur ko Khula Thau
Open space in Basantapur; historical usage of Basantapur Dabali; performance of religious and cultural rites like Bratabandha, Bel Bibaha; celebration of Indra Jatra; occurence of social, political and economic activities; individual responsibility towards its maintenance; need to understand the value of public spaces and avoid activities which hamper the structure and environment of the square; discouragement to political activities in public spaces.